Villa Lucca: Getting into the details of winemaking

Wine is a delicious alcoholic beverage that suits any type of occasion. During dinner, the perfect pairing for this drink is some steak, mashed potatoes and vegetables. Aside from that, wine has different forms, and they are the following:

  • Red wine
  • White wine
  • Sparkling wine
  • Rose wine
  • Sweet wine
  • Sparkling wine

Each one of them has its distinct taste, and they all have different winemaking processes. More on that, winemaking is not difficult at all since all it needs are grapes, yeast and time for fermentation. If you would like to try, here are steps in producing wine:

  1. Harvesting

In August, September and October, this period is best to harvest grapes. Although, you need to be careful in choosing the grapes that you pick. As such, knowing the grape’s tannins, acid and sugar content are good factors in determining the ripeness. 

Aside from that, harvesting can be done in two ways: hand picking and mechanical harvesting. Since you want to experience the whole process, it is best to hand pick the grapes because this gives you the precision in choosing which you should harvest.

  1. Crushing

Back in the distant past, people would use their feet to crush the harvested grapes. Moreover, they even have this event called barrel dancing to celebrate winemaking. Although, this method is tedious because it needs your brute strength and energy. That is why there are machines now developed for smooth and easy grape crushing. After you crush all your grapes, the grape juice is ready to proceed to fermentation.

  1. Fermentation

To ferment wine, yeast needs to be put into the grape juice. This is the cultured yeast which usually appears as an inactivated powder. Other than that, the yeast needs a lot of vitamins, minerals and nutrients, for it needs to stay active depending on the period needed. 

Additionally, yeast converts the sugar into ethanol and carbon dioxide, and thus creates the alcoholic content of the wine. Aside from that, this also gives aroma and flavour to the drink, which depends on the longevity of the fermentation process. 

  1. Clarification

After a couple of months of fermentation, the wine is now ready for clarification. This is the process of removing any solid matter floating on the surface of the drink. Likewise, this solid matter can be dead yeast cells, bacteria or any leftover grape skin and pulp. You can remove these by adding denatured alcohol to your wine.

  1. Ageing

Once clarification is done, you now have the option to bottle your wine immediately or let it age for a while. For ageing, you can use ceramic tanks, wooden barrels or bottles as the container for your wine. Depending on your liking, you can extend the ageing process for as long as you want.

If you want to have a superb wine experience, head over to Villa Lucca! We are located in Bois des Filion, Canada, and we also have delicious dishes you need to taste.